Hockey Injuries & Prevention Specialist
Hockey is a high-impact sport. Underneath all of the protective equipment that hockey players are required to wear, these athletes are still susceptible to a wide range of injuries. Common injuries that these athletes face in the rink include the following
- Broken bones
- Spinal cord injuries
- Torn ligaments
- Overuse injuries
At Barrington Orthopedic Specialists, our expert, high-quality sports medicine specialists can provide accurate diagnoses and treatment options for hockey injuries to ensure our patients make a quick, effective recovery. In the meantime, here are some ways you can actively prevent common hockey injuries:
- Warm up and stretch
- Wear proper protective gear
- Abide by the rules of the game
- Maintain proper nutrition and hydration
If you’re a hockey athlete who is passionate about maintaining your health and staying on the ice, we’re here to help you reach your goals. Schedule your first consultation with the team at Barrington Orthopedic Specialists today. If you’re in an emergency situation, visit the Immediate Care Clinic at our Schaumburg, IL location.
Although hockey may appear dangerous, with the right equipment and training, it can be played safely.
Getting Ready To Play
Before taking to the ice to play hockey, two things are necessary: participants must have mastered basic skating skills (such as skating forward and backward), and they should have the necessary equipment to prevent injury.
Many people rent figure skates to learn how to skate. Skating with hockey skates is different. Most ice rinks offer pre-hockey skating classes to teach skating fundamentals. These classes are available at all age levels.
Ice hockey requires a lot of protective equipment, and it must fit properly to effectively protect the player. The necessary equipment includes:
- Mouth guard (either custom-made or “boil and bite” off the shelf)
- Face shield
- Shoulder pads
- Elbow pads
- Pants (girdle and shell)
- Shin guards
Goalies require additional equipment:
- Face shield
- Leg pads
- Catch glove
- Chest and arm protector
- Helmet with face mask
- Goalie skates
- Goalie stick
Hockey equipment can be expensive. Good used equipment can often be found, but make sure it fits appropriately.
Preventing Common Hockey Injuries
Good equipment is only the starting point to safer ice hockey. Because of the contact nature of ice hockey, it is considered a collision sport. Injuries occur from contact with other players, the stick, the puck, and the boards. Non-contact injuries may occur from overuse or acute trauma.
Each year, more than 63,000 hockey-related injuries are treated in hospitals, doctors’ offices, clinics, ambulatory surgery centers, and hospital emergency rooms. The risk of injury cannot be completely eliminated, but most injuries are mild, and may include bruises, muscle pulls, ligament tears, and cuts. More serious injuries are rare, and may include broken teeth, concussions, broken bones, dislocations, and spine or spinal cord injuries.
In an effort to reduce hockey injuries, researchers have conducted studies to better understand the risks of play. Rule changes and better enforcement of existing rules, along with improved protective equipment, are some of the outcomes of this research. In addition, educating coaches and officials about injury risks has become a priority. Potentially dangerous actions, such as checking from behind and the using the stick or helmet as a weapon, have been eliminated from the game.
Coaches, athletes, and parents must be aware of the possible injuries and follow the rules in place to prevent them. Serious injuries can be avoided if players avoid dangerous tactics or overly aggressive play.
Youth hockey is usually divided into two types of teams: travel and in-house. The in-house program is often sponsored by the home ice rink and is designed for teaching fundamental skills. These generally include puck handling, game rules, power skating techniques, and basic plays. More advanced players typically move on to travel teams. These teams will travel to other towns to play other travel teams. The play of these teams is usually more advanced.
There are five divisions in youth hockey:
- Mites (8 years of age and under)
- Squirt (9 and 10 years old)
- Pee Wee (11 and 12 years old)
- Bantam (13 and 14 years old)
- Midget (15, 16, and 17 years old)
In addition, there are four upper level divisions:
- High school leagues
- Junior A
- Junior B