Your hands and wrists are essential tools that allow you to work, play and perform everyday activities. How well the hand and wrist interact depends on the integrity and function of the ligaments, tendons, muscles, joints and bones.
Problems in any of these can affect upper extremity function, causing disruptions at home and work and negatively impacting quality of life.
The human hand itself is very complex and delicate in structure.
At some time in life, you may experience hand and wrist pain.
A sprain is an injury to a ligament. Ligaments are strong bands of connective tissue that connect one bone to another.
A wrist sprain is a common injury. There are many ligaments in the wrist that can be stretched or torn, resulting in a sprain. This occurs when the wrist is bent forcefully, such as in a fall onto an outstretched hand.
Wrist sprains are most often caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand.
This might happen during everyday activities, but frequently occurs during sports and outdoor recreation.
Symptoms of a wrist sprain may vary in intensity and location.
The most common symptoms of a wrist sprain include:
Similarly, an unrecognized (occult) fracture may be mistakenly considered a mild or moderately sprained wrist.
If left untreated, the broken bone may not heal and will require a surgery that could have been avoided with early, appropriate treatment.
The most common example of this is an occult fracture of the scaphoid bone.
It is important in all but very mild cases for a doctor to evaluate a wrist injury. Proper diagnosis and treatment of wrist injuries is necessary to avoid long-lasting stiffness and pain.
Moderate sprains may need to be immobilized with a wrist splint for 1 or more weeks. This immobilization may cause some stiffness in your wrist and your doctor may recommend some stretching exercises to help you regain full mobility.
Severe sprains may require surgery to repair the fully torn ligament. Surgery involves reconnecting the ligament to the bone. Your doctor will discuss the surgical options that best meet the needs of your injury.
Surgery is followed by a period of rehabilitation and exercises to strengthen the wrist and restore motion.
Although the ligament can be expected to heal in 6 to 8 weeks, rehabilitation with full recovery of motion and strength can take several months. This depends on the severity of the sprain.